In this presentation, we will cover the first four steps in home canning: Procedure, preparation, scanning, and storage. This is the first level of canning and it is very important for the canner to know these four steps in home canning so he can prepare his food correctly and safely, as seen here.
By following these steps, anyone can learn how to properly prepare, store, and eat food from home. And by eating safe home-cooked meals, you can help save money from going to restaurants.
The food is placed in a pot with water in the process of being caned. The lid is then placed on top and the pot is allowed to bring to boil. The burner is turned to medium-high, and the pressure is released with a whistle.
In-home canning, we want to make sure the inside of the jar itself is sealed tightly to the contents so air cannot escape. If the contents of the jar are exposed to air for more than twenty-four hours, it is not safe to can foods with a lower pH, or acidity, than they would be if they were canned using water rather than acid water.
After boiling the water, it should be poured into another container in order for the boiling water to dissolve any impurities. The water should now be drained off into another container, making sure that all soap is removed from the surface.
You need to have a piece of glass or ceramic cut from a sheet of glass or ceramic that is at least one inch thick since you will want a thin layer of soap film on the jar to help prevent soap scum from building up and ruining the contents of your new home canner.
Now comes the fun part! You will cut out the pieces of glass or ceramic or plastic depending on the specific instructions for each type of jar and place them one at a time in the canner. Place the bottom of the jar on the pan of the stove with its metal handle facing down, and cover the opening of the lid with a piece of tin foil.
Heat the canner to its proper setting, which should be high enough to not heat the contents too quickly, but not so high as to burn them. Slide the lids of the jars in place according to their specific instructions. The slip is usually provided with the scanner, so don’t worry about getting one.
However, if you are replacing a lid that has already come off, simply replace the old lid with the new one. The sliding action should work just fine, but make sure the lids do not touch or bind each other in any way.
If they do, you will cook the contents inside the jar using too much heat, resulting in the burning of both the foods and the sides of the slip. Once everything is placed into the canner, set the timer for five minutes. Then, take a measurement of how much food you are going to need, which will be indicated on the can’s label.
Wash the measuring cup to make sure it is clean before you place the lid on the jar. Then, close the timer and set the heat settings to low. Allow the jars to heat up to the appropriate temperature. The acid levels in low acid foods, like applesauce, are very low and should not require more than a few minutes to begin cooking.